Noreen is the lead of Rava's Editorial Team and has been associated with the world of journalism since 2012. She is quirky with an awkward sense of humour and an advocate for common sense. Her skill is to use sarcasm to survive on daily basis.
In Islam it is considered that life should prevail and therefore health is an important factor in the lifestyle of the Muslim.
Saving One Life Is As If Saving Whole Of Humanity…” – Quran 5:32
That is why the transplantation of organs is considered lawful, when donation is a voluntary and disinterested act, which can be done without transgressing the rules of the Qur’an, provided that the life of the donor is not endangered. That is, it can fundamentally be carried out with the organ of someone deceased. There is no precept, Koranic verse or hadeeth that prevents transplantation or donation, in the same way as blood transfusion.
Therefore, giving an organ or donating blood, if it aims to save a life or contribute to the recovery of a sick person, is completely lawful, it is halal. Moreover, this is considered an act more than correct, from a moral and ethical point of view. Helping and assisting the sick is almost a duty of every Muslim and a social responsibility.
‘Muslims can give organs, but not trade with them, the sharia says, the Muslim law,’ explains Mohamed Bakali Tahiri, a member of the Muslim community in Seville.
Transplant or graft of an organ from a body part of a body is allowed person to another, as long as care is taken to ensure that the benefits of this operation offset the damages that may result from it, and the condition that this be done to replace something that has been lost, or to restore its appearance or regular function, or to correct any defect or deformation that is causing physical or psychological suffering.
Transplanting of an organ from one person’s body to another is permitted, if it is an organ that can be regenerated, such as skin or blood, with the condition that the donor is mature and understands what he or she is doing, and that all useful shar that “conditions are met.
you are allowed to use part of an organ that has been removed due to illness to benefit another person, such as using the cornea of a retired sick eye.
it is haram to have an organ that life depends, like taking a heart from a living person to transplant another person.
It is haram to have an organ of a living person, in doing so, it could affect an essential vital function, although their life can not be under threat, as the removal of the corneas of both eyes. However, the elimination organs that lead to partial deficiency is only a question that is still under academic discussion.
Transplanting an organ from a dead person to a living person is allowed, whose life depends on receiving that organ, or whose vital functions are altered in any way, provided that the permission is given by the person before of his death or by his heirs, or by the leader of the Muslims in cases where the identity of the dead person is unknown or he has no heirs.
Care must be taken to ensure that there is an adequate agreement for organ transplantation in the cases described above, with the condition that organs are not bought or sold. No trade in human organs is allowed under any circumstances. But the question of whether the beneficiary can spend money to obtain an organ that he needs, or to show his appreciation, is a question that is still in the academic debate.
Another thing that the situations described above is still subject to academic debate, and requires a detailed investigation in light of medical research and shar’i resolutions.
If you are a Pakistani and would like to register as an organ donor please visit this page to submit the form.