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Air pollution kills seven million people each year, but two UN reports report that it continues to increase because of the passivity of most countries.
According to the new WHO report (World Health Organization), toxic gas emissions in the world’s cities have increased again by 8% in just five years (from 2008 to 2013, the last year with data available to world level).
In addition, more than 80 per cent of people living in urban areas are exposed to levels of air pollution exceeding WHO-approved ceilings . And the health, social and economic costs of this problem are already “enormous”, because “air pollution kills seven million people every year .”
Another report by UNEP, the UN body dedicated to the environment, denounces that only one third of the countries in the world have adopted standards to reduce pollutant emissions from cars and only one fifth of governments controls the burning of waste in open spaces, another major cause of air pollution.
But there are also positive data . For example, 97 countries have increased the number of households that have access to cleaner fuels, and at least 82 countries out of 194 have incentives to encourage investment in renewable energy production, energy efficiency and contamination.