Rava is an online news portal providing recent news, editorials, opinions and advice on day to day happenings in Pakistan.
The trend is clear: child labor generally decreases in the world. However, in some countries child exploitation is on the rise. A balance of the situation in photos.
Asia: decrease in child labor
These children work in a brick factory in Narayangani, Bangladesh, for just two dollars a day. While the number of working children declined in the Asia Pacific region, more than 7 percent of all children living there are forced to earn money. There are more than 62 million children in total.
Myanmar wants to better protect children
Girls must also perform very hard tasks, like this one, from Myanmar. That country raised the minimum age for child labor in factories and shops to 14 years and banned full-time jobs for children under 16 years of age. In addition, the government is debating a law that would prohibit minors from performing dangerous tasks.
Child labor: still far from being eradicated
Child labor is considered to be activities that are dangerous for children, harm their development or prevent them from attending school. That is to say, they steal their childhood. Throughout the world, child labor is declining. But the goal of eradicating it completely until 2025 seems still unattainable.
Africa. One in five children should work
The majority of girls and boys who have to work live in Africa. In total, they are 72 million. In sub-Saharan countries, the work done by minors has even increased. When adults can no longer plant the fields due to natural catastrophes, wars and internal displacement, it is the children who bring the money home.
Sew instead of going to school
Around the world there are 60 million people fleeing wars and hunger. Half of the refugees are children and adolescents. Like this Syrian refugee boy, who escaped to Turkey. The longer you stay, the more likely you have to work instead of going to school. Without education, entire generations are threatened by poverty, warns UNICEF.
Nearly 70 percent of children work in agriculture. In general, almost 67 percent of working minors do so by participating in the family business, almost always, in agriculture. Like here, in the lotus flower collection, in Bangladesh.
Cotton harvest in Egypt
Around the world, almost half of all working children are between 5 and 11 years old. Most of them work in agriculture. According to experts, however, work will increasingly move from the countryside to the cities, where more and more minors will also work.
Dangerous jobs for teenagers
Industry and construction are interested in the work of teenagers from 15 to 17 years old. Therefore, in those sectors of the economy, most of those who perform dangerous tasks, like these two young people in Indonesia, have these ages.
Safety and health must be a priority
As minors suffer more accidents than adults, more experienced, the International Labor Organization (ILO) places the focus on the safety and health of children in the Day Against Child Labor. Like here, in a mine in Bolivia, children are often the ones who do the most risky tasks.
The worst forms of child exploitation
According to UNICEF, those who do the worst jobs are child soldiers, children who deliver drugs, as well as those who perform forced labor and other tasks that damage and even destroy the health, safety and psyche of minors.
Domestic work, a gray area
Especially girls often work in domestic chores. Most of these works are kept secret. It is estimated that, around the world, about 15 million children and adolescents work in cleaning, cooking, laundry and other tasks in private homes. Some even live in situations of slavery.
Children’s union in Bolivia
Since 2014, Bolivia has a law that allows, in exceptional cases, to work for children of 10 years. It is a controversial law, but the children themselves demanded it. They united in a union, the Union of Working Children and Adolescents of Bolivia (UNATSBO), which also represents shoeshine boys, like this child from La Paz.
Poverty encourages child labor
The lower the average per capita income of a country, the greater the number of children who work. While many try to attend classes, they never have time to study. The educational offers for children should be consistent with the fight against poverty, which is the reason why they have to go out to work. In the photo, a school in Afghanistan for children who lived on the street.