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Many people wonder how often they should pee. While no set number is considered normal, people on average urinate six or seven times a day.
If you’ve ever wondered how often you should pee on a daily basis, you’re not alone. How often you urinate is actually a very important sign of your overall health, beginning in infancy and continuing throughout your life. Keep reading to learn more about urination and when your pee may signal that you need to visit your doctor.
Several factors can influence how often an individual happens to pee throughout the day. Medications, supplements, foods, and beverages can all play a role, as can certain medical conditions. Age and bladder size also matter.
The medical community uses the term urinary frequency to describe how
Healthy urinary frequency
Urinating 4 to 10 times a day is considered healthy if it does not affect day-to-day life.
Most people pee 6 or 7 times every 24 hours. Peeing between 4 and 10 times daily may be considered healthy if the frequency does not interfere with the person’s quality of life.
Urinary frequency depends on the following factors:
- bladder size
- fluid intake
- the presence of medical conditions, such as diabetes and UTIs.
- the types of fluids consumed, as alcohol and caffeine can increase the production of urine
- the use of medications, such as those for blood pressure, and supplements
On average, a person who drinks 64 ounces of fluid in 24 hours will pee approximately seven times during that period.
Urination during pregnancy
The hormonal changes and pressure on the bladder involved in pregnancy can also increase urinary output. This high urinary frequency may continue for up to 8 weeks after giving birth.
Special circumstances, such as pregnancy and the weeks after giving birth, can affect how often you urinate as well.
During pregnancy, a woman urinates more frequently due to fluid changes along with bladder pressure from the growing fetus.
After birth, a woman will have an increased urinary output for up to eight weeks. This is because of the extra fluids she may have received during labor from an IV, or medicine, as well as the body’s natural response to mobilize and eliminate fluids after birth.
Symptoms of peeing too often or not enough
Peeing too rarely or frequently may indicate an underlying condition, especially when accompanied by the following symptoms:
- back pain
- blood in the urine
- cloudy or discolored urine
- difficulty passing urine
- leaking between toilet visits
- pain when urinating
- strong-smelling urine
Treatment can resolve symptoms and prevent complications, so it is important to see a doctor.
Anyone who notices a dramatic change in urinary frequency or output, even if it still falls within the normal range, should seek medical advice.
What factors affect urinary frequency?
Consuming alcohol and caffeine may increase urinary frequency.
If a person consumes high amounts of fluids, especially drinks containing caffeine, they may notice fluctuations in how much or how often they pee.
However, dramatic changes in urinary frequency can indicate a serious underlying condition.
The Cleveland Clinic has reported that 80% of bladder problems are caused by factors beyond the bladder.
Underlying medical conditions
The following conditions may be responsible for changes in urinary frequency:
- Urinary tract infection (UTI): This can cause frequent urination, urinary urgency, a burning sensation or pain while peeing, and back pain. UTIs are very common, especially among women. Antibiotic treatment is usually necessary.
- Overactive bladder: This describes frequent urination and is linked to several issues, including infections, obesity, hormonal imbalances, and nerve damage. Most cases are easily treatable.
- Interstitial cystitis: This long-term condition is also known as painful bladder syndrome. The exact cause is unknown, but it is often linked to bladder inflammation.
- Diabetes: Undiagnosed or poorly controlled diabetes may lead to high blood sugar levels, which can cause frequent urination.
- Hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia: High calcium levels (hypercalcemia) or low calcium levels (hypocalcemia) affect kidney function and may impact urinary output.
- Sickle cell anemia: This inherited form of anemia, or low red blood cell count, can affect the kidneys and the concentration of urine. This causes some people to pee more often.
- Prostate problems: An enlarged prostate causes a person to urinate less. They may also experience difficulty as the prostate gets larger and blocks the flow of urine.
- Pelvic floor weakness: As the pelvic muscles lose strength, a person may pee more frequently. This is often the result of giving birth.
Tips for healthy urinary tract
If you’re concerned about the amount you’re urinating, talk to your doctor. They may put your mind at ease and tell you that your urinary output is normal, or they may recognize additional symptoms. A urinalysis, which can be done in your doctor’s office, can provide useful information about your urinary tract health. Identifying any underlying problems is the first step in a finding a successful treatment plan.
It’s important to note that for women, urinating before or after sex, wiping direction, hot tubs, douches, and tampon use have not been shown to cause or prevent urinary tract infections.
Your treatment will depend on which condition is causing your symptoms. If you’re pregnant, for example, frequent urination will continue until you give birth.
If your symptoms are caused by a medical condition, treating the condition may help. For example, if you have diabetes, managing your blood sugar should reduce your need to urinate. See a doctor!
In addition to letting your doctor know about any difficulty you have urinating, or any concerns about how frequently you’re urinating, here are a few tips to decrease genital and urinary irritation:
- Eat foods rich in probiotics, which is found in yogurt.
- If you use soap in the genital area, use an unscented product made for sensitive skin.
- Wear loose, cotton underwear.
- Avoid tight-fitting jeans and leggings.
- Consider wearing no underwear to bed to help your genital area stay cooler.
- Drink 12-ounce glasses of water each day.
- Avoid excessive alcohol, soda, or caffeine consumption.
- Avoid things that may cause bladder irritation, such as artificial sweeteners and smoking cigarettes.