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Tehran wants to obtain as soon as possible guarantees from the EU that the suspension of economic sanctions against Iran will be maintained in exchange for the latter renouncing a nuclear military program, as agreed in 2015.
The Iranian government will for now avoid crossing the “red line” in the nuclear dispute with the international community, said today (20.05.2018) the Foreign Minister, Mohammad Yawad Zarif, quoted by the official agency Isna.
Maintaining the nuclear agreement after leaving the United States is a major political challenge, Zarif said in parliament. For this reason, it is necessary to take time and have patience not to approach “for the moment the red line”, he added.
The “red line”
It is considered that the “red line” would be the exit of Iran from the nuclear agreement signed in Vienna and that the Persian country would return to enrich uranium. In addition, Tehran could abandon the additional protocol of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and limit the inspections of the UN organization. Iran also does not rule out withdrawing from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. But Iran does not want to reach that point and for now it prefers to wait to see the results that show the political and economic endeavors of the EU, Zarif said.
Discontent in Iranian public opinion
For its part, the European Commissioner for Energy and Climate Action, Miguel Arias Cañete, said today that the Iranian authorities are asking Europe to act “swiftly” to maintain trade flows and thus save the nuclear agreement of 2015. “What we They ask for a lot of speed because there is a lot of discontent in the Iranian public opinion, “Arias Cañete told Efe at the end of his two-day visit to Tehran, the first since the United States left the nuclear pact.
The commissioner explained that the Iranian side demands that the Europeans put in place “the necessary mechanisms to guarantee stability and tranquility” to the European companies so that “they can continue the commercial flows”. According to the European official, the Iranian authorities “are aware that there is a complicated problem” since the United States “has a regime of sanctions that is very powerful and very sophisticated”.