The history of Jerusalem, the city of Hazrat Daud A.S, in pictures

The history of Jerusalem, the city of Hazrat Daud A.S, in pictures

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Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world, and one of the most disputed to this day. Jews, Muslims and Christians consider it a sacred city.

 

Jerusalem, the city of David (Hazrat Daud A.S) According to the Old Testament, King David conquered Jerusalem around 1000 BC He moved his seat of government there, making Jerusalem the capital and religious center of his kingdom. Solomon, son of David, built according to the Bible the first temple for Yahweh, the God of Israel, and Jerusalem became the center of Judaism.

Jerusalem, the city of David (Hazrat Daud A.S)
According to the Old Testament, King David conquered Jerusalem around 1000 BC He moved his seat of government there, making Jerusalem the capital and religious center of his kingdom. Solomon, son of David, built according to the Bible the first temple for Yahweh, the God of Israel, and Jerusalem became the center of Judaism.

Persian domain The Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II conquered Jerusalem in the year 597 and 586 before Christ, according to the Bible. He took King Joaquin and the Jewish upper class prisoner, took them to Babylon and destroyed the temple. Later, the Persian king Cyrus conquered Babylon in turn, after which he authorized the Hebrews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple.

Persian domain
The Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II conquered Jerusalem in the year 597 and 586 before Christ, according to the Bible. He took King Joaquin and the Jewish upper class prisoner, took them to Babylon and destroyed the temple. Later, the Persian king Cyrus conquered Babylon in turn, after which he authorized the Hebrews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple.

Roman empire Jerusalem fell under the rule of the Roman Empire. But in the population the resistance was forming and in 66 AD the Jewish-Roman war broke out. It ended four years later with a Roman victory and the new destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem. Rome and Byzantium dominated nearly 600 years Palestine.

Roman empire
Jerusalem fell under the rule of the Roman Empire. But in the population the resistance was forming and in 66 AD the Jewish-Roman war broke out. It ended four years later with a Roman victory and the new destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem. Rome and Byzantium dominated nearly 600 years Palestine.

Arab conquest By order of Caliph Omar, in the year 637 Jerusalem was besieged and seized. In the era of Muslim rule that began then, the city was besieged on multiple occasions and changed several times as rulers.

Arab conquest
By order of Caliph Omar (R.A), in the year 637 Jerusalem was besieged and seized. In the era of Muslim rule that began then, the city was besieged on multiple occasions and changed several times as rulers.

The time of the crusades The Christian world was increasingly threatened by the Seljuk Muslims who dominated after 1070. Pope Urban II finally called for a crusade. In 200 years, the Europeans carried out five crusades to conquer Jerusalem. At times they got it. But in 1244 the crusaders lost the city definitively, which fell back into Muslim hands.

The time of the crusades
The Christian world was increasingly threatened by the Seljuk Muslims who dominated after 1070. Pope Urban II finally called for a crusade. In 200 years, the Europeans carried out five crusades to conquer Jerusalem. At times they got it. But in 1244 the crusaders lost the city definitively, which fell back into Muslim hands.

Ottomans and British After the Ottoman conquest of Egypt and Arabia, Jerusalem became in 1535 administrative headquarters of an Ottoman district. The first decades of Turkish rule gave the city a considerable boom. In 1917, with the triumph of Great Britain over the Turkish troops, Palestine came under British control. Jerusalem passed without resistance to British hands.

Ottomans and British
After the Ottoman conquest of Egypt and Arabia, Jerusalem became in 1535 administrative headquarters of an Ottoman district. The first decades of Turkish rule gave the city a considerable boom. In 1917, with the triumph of Great Britain over the Turkish troops, Palestine came under British control. Jerusalem passed without resistance to British hands.

The divided city After World War II, the British gave their mandate over Palestine. The UN spoke for a partition of the territory, to create a homeland for the Holocaust survivors. Some Arab states launched a war against Israel and conquered part of Jerusalem. Until 1967, the city was divided into a western part of Israel, and an eastern part of Jordan.

The divided city
After World War II, the British gave their mandate over Palestine. The UN spoke for a partition of the territory, to create a homeland for the Holocaust survivors. Some Arab states launched a war against Israel and conquered part of Jerusalem. Until 1967, the city was divided into a western part of Israel, and an eastern part of Jordan.

East Jerusalem returns to Israel In 1967, Israel waged the Six Day War against Egypt, Jordan and Syria. Conquer the Sinai, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem. Israeli paratroopers make their way to the old town and arrive at the Western Wall for the first time since 1949. Officially, East Jerusalem is not annexed, but administratively integrated.

East Jerusalem returns to Israel
In 1967, Israel waged the Six Day War against Egypt, Jordan and Syria. Conquer the Sinai, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem. Israeli paratroopers make their way to the old town and arrive at the Western Wall for the first time since 1949. Officially, East Jerusalem is not annexed, but administratively integrated.

Muslim pilgrims Since then, Israel does not deny Muslims access to their sacred places. The Temple Mount or Esplanade of the Mosques is under autonomous Muslim administration.

Muslim pilgrims
Since then, Israel does not deny Muslims access to their sacred places. The Temple Mount or Esplanade of the Mosques is under autonomous Muslim administration.

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Unresolved struggle Jerusalem is still an obstacle on the road to peace between Israelis and Palestinians. In 1980, Israel declared the city as its “eternal and indivisible capital”. Jordan resigned in 1988 to its pretensions on the West Bank and East Jerusalem, in favor of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The Palestinians conceive East Jerusalem as their capital.

 

 

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